10 Earthquake Facts You Didn’t Know About!
With tons of news of earthquake hitting our news channels, here are a few things you need to know about earthquakes.
#1 The largest earthquake ever recorded was a 9.5 magnitude in Chile back in 1960.
#2 The 2011 earthquake near Japan increased the Earth’s rotation speed, shortening the day by 1.8 microseconds.
#3 Japan suffers 1,500 earthquakes every year.
#4 Inca architecture was built to be earthquake-resistant. Inca masonry is effective in withstanding major tremors.
#5 Earthquakes turn water into gold.
#6 After an 8.0 magnitude earthquake hit Mexico City in 1985, nearly all newborn babies survived collapsed hospital for 7 days without nourishment, water, warmth or human contact.
#7 An earthquake on December 16, 1811 caused parts of the Mississippi river to flow backwards.
#8 Mount Everest shank one inch (2.5 cm) due to the earthquake in Nepal in 2015.
#9 In 132 AD, a Chinese inventor built a seismograph which, at the moment of an earthquake, expelled a copper ball out of the mouth of a dragon and into the mouth of a frog.
Zhang Heng, from Nanyang of Henan Province, was a studious inventor who was especially fond of astronomy, the calendar and mathematics. In 132 AD, in the then national capital of Luoyang, Zhang Heng made the ancient seismograph to determine the direction of an earthquake. Contrary to popular belief at that time, Zhang Heng maintained that earthquakes were not signs of Heaven’s anger but natural disasters.
#10 There are about 500,000 detectable earthquakes in the world each year. 100,000 of those can be felt, and 100 of them cause damage.
While naturals disasters are unpredictable, you can always know how to be prepared for them. Doorways are no stronger than any other part of a structure so don’t rely on them for protection! During an earthquake, get under a sturdy piece of furniture and hold on. It will help shelter you from falling objects that could injure you during an earthquake.
Here are a few tips for safety:
- Drop down; take cover under a desk or table and hold on.
- Stay indoors until the shaking stops and you’re sure it’s safe to exit.
- Stay away from bookcases or furniture that can fall on you.
- Stay away from windows.
- If you are in bed, hold on and stay there, protecting your head with a pillow.